Noun + 을/를 하다: A Versatile Verb Form Meaning “to do + Noun”

Noun + 을/를 하다: A Versatile Verb Form Meaning “to do + Noun”


 

We’ve already covered object markers (object particles) in the previous post. If you’re not familiar with the object markers, please refer to this post: Korean Object Markers (Object Particles) [eul] / [reul].

In summary, object particles in Korean have two forms. They signify that a noun is acting as the object of the sentence. Nouns ending in a consonant use [eul], and nouns ending with a vowel use [reul].

Now I want to talk about an essential and useful way to make “to do + noun” phrases with them.

Every day, new words are created, and Koreans are open-minded about accepting and using new terms. That’s also one reason why Korean learners struggle to catch up and understand newly created vocabulary.

ref. English Words You Only Hear in Korea

For those who don’t want to be left behind, I’ll introduce versatile, key verb phrases that are used to mean “to do + noun.”

NounObject MarkerVerb: to do
Noun ending in a consonant을 [eul]하다 [hada]
Noun ending in a vowel를 [reul]하다 [hada]

Once you’ve memorized a noun, you can then conjugate it into a verb form this way! You’ll get more than two words at once—efficient, right?

Of course, as I explained in the previous post, markers can be dropped when the context is clear enough.

ref. The Most Blessed Verb “하다 [hada]”

Therefore, I’ll give you two possible forms for each sentence.

 

Let me show you examples from popular social media platforms – Instagram, Facebook, Snapchat, and Pinterest.

 

1. 인스타그램을 하다 [inseutageuremeul hada] / 인스타그램 하다 [inseutagrem hada]

Structure인스타그램 + 을 + 하다  
Literal Translationto do Instagram
Meaningto be on Instagram, to use Instagram

e.g.

A: 인스타그램 계정있어요? [inseutagrem gyejeong-isseoyo]

Do you have an Instagram account?

B: 네, 저 인스타그램 해요. [ne jeo inseutagrem heyo]

Yes, I’m on Instagram.

 

2. 페이스북을 하다 [peiseubugeul hada] / 페이스북 하다 [peiseubuk hada]

Structure페이스북 + 을 + 하다  
Literal Translationto do Facebook
Meaningto be on Facebook, to use Facebook

e.g.

A: 페이스북 하세요? [peiseubuk haseyo]

Are you on Facebook?

B: 아니요, 페이스북 안 해요. [aniyo peiseubuk an heyo]

No, I’m not on Facebook.

 

3. 스냅챗을 하다 [seunepcheseul hada] / 스냅챗 하다 [seunepchet hada]

Structure스냅챗 + 을 + 하다  
Literal Translationto do Snapchat
Meaningto be on Snapchat, to use Snapchat

 

4. 핀터레스트를 하다 [pinteoreseuteureul hada] / 핀터레스트 하다 [pinteoreseuteu hada]

Structure핀터레스트 + 를 + 하다  
Literal Translationto do Pinterest
Meaningto be on Pinterest, to use Pinterest

 

Compared to nouns you already know, these platform names should be newly created. As we’ve just practiced, once a new word appears, attach /를 하다 to make it the verb form “to do N.”

 

Now let’s practice the verb form with common (and old) nouns.

 

1. 일을 하다 [ireul hada] / 일하다 [ilhada]

NounObject MarkerVerb: to doLiteral TranslationMeaning
일 [il]을 [eul]하다 [hada]to do workto work

e.g.

가끔 카페에서 일을 해요. [gaggeum kapeeseo ireul heyo]

I sometimes work in a cafe.

2. 쇼핑을 하다 [shyoping-eul hada] / 쇼핑하다 [shyoping hada]

NounObject MarkerVerb: to doLiteral TranslationMeaning
쇼핑 [shyoping]을 [eul]하다 [hada]to do shoppingto shop

e.g.

오늘은 어디에서 쇼핑을 했어요? [oneureun eodieseo shyoping-eul hesseoyo]

Where did you shop today?

 

3. 청소를 하다 [cheongsoreul hada] / 청소하다 [cheongsohada]

NounObject MarkerVerb: to doLiteral TranslationMeaning
청소 [cheongso]를 [reul]하다 [hada]to do cleaningto clean

e.g.

일요일에 방 청소를 해요. [iryoire bang cheongsoreul heyo]

I clean my room on Sunday.

 

4. 설거지를 하다 [seolgeojireul hada] / 설거지하다 [seolgeoji hada]

NounObject MarkerVerb: to doLiteral TranslationMeaning
설거지 [seolgeoji]를 [reul]하다 [hada]to do dishwashingto do the dishes

e.g

누가 설거지를 했어요? [nuga seolgeojireul hesseoyo]

Who did the dishes?

 

Reference:

  1. Henry J. Amen, Kyubyong Park. Korean For Beginners: Mastering Conversational Korean. Tuttle Publishing; 2010.
  2. Jaehoon Yeon, Lucien Brown. Korean: A Comprehensive Grammar (Routledge Comprehensive Grammars). 1st ed. Routledge; 2011.