Many action verbs and descriptive verbs (=adjectives) in Korean are actually just nouns connected to the verb “하다. [hada]” For example, the verb 준비하다 [junbihada] (to prepare) is literally preparation + do = do preparation.
According to 표준국어대사전, which is the Korean standard dictionary by National Institute of the Korean Language, 57% of the Korean verbs contain the verb form “하다.”
In addition, most of the brand new words are comprised of noun and “하다.” Recently, there have been a lot of words containing English words as below.
I know it is confusing to English speakers. So, let me give you simple tips!
First, if you couldn’t come up with a Korean verb you would want to use, you would just say an English noun followed by 하다. I’m pretty sure a Korean native understood what you meant.
Second, what I always recommend for Korean learners is that when you want to know a certain word, just get on Google and search to see if there’s a corresponding 하다 verb that goes with it. You get both noun and verb in one!
- 유혜원. 중립동사 “명사-하다”에 대한 연구 – “명사-되다”, “명사-시키다” 형과의 비교를 중심으로 = The study on middle verb “Noun-hada” construction. 한국어학회. 2012;vol. 57:pp.271-298.
- korean.go.kr. 국립국어원 표준국어대사전. 2015. Available at: http://stdweb2.korean.go.kr/search/List_dic.jsp. Accessed August 28, 2015.
- 조지은. 한국어 속에 숨어 있는 영어 단어 이야기. 서울: 박이정; 2014.